Centre for the Study of Hispanic Exile

Arturo Barea [1897–1957]

Date of Birth: 20 Sep 1897 Badajoz
Died: 24 Dec 1957 Farringdon/United Kingdom (age 60)

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Oct 1897 San Lorenzo de El Escorial
Lives in Madrid with his mother and brothers.
1902–1910 Madrid, calle Sombrerete
Primary education in the catholic school Escuelas Pías.
1910–1911 Madrid
Works as a shop assistant.
Aug 1911–Aug 1914 Madrid
Works as a clerical officer for the Crédit Lyonnais branch in Madrid.
1912 Madrid
Joins the socialist trade union UGT (Unión General de Trabajadores), becoming one of its first white collar affiliates.
1915 Madrid
Works for a diamond trading company. Travels to Paris.
1916 Guadalajara/Spain
Uses the money from an inheritance to open a toy factory, but this venture fails.
1917 Guadalajara/Spain
Works for an engine factory.
Nov 1920–Feb 1923 Morocco
Serves in the Spanish Army during the War of the Rif in Morocco. Witnesses the slaughter of Annual in 1921.
Feb 1923–Jan 1935 Madrid
Lives in Madrid
1924 Madrid
Marries Aurelia Rimaldos, with whom he would have four children.
Mar 1924–Aug 1936 Madrid
C/ Alcalá
Works for a patenting company.
1931–1936 Madrid
Renews his political activities in the trade union UGT and the Socialist Party.
Jan 1935–Mar 1936 Noves/Toledo
Campaigns in favour of the Socialist Party.
Mar 1936–Nov 1937 Madrid, calle Ave María
Returns to Madrid.
Sep 1936–Nov 1937 Madrid, Gran Vía
Works as a censor in the foreign press office during the war.
Jan 1937 Madrid
Meets the Austrian journalist and translator Ilse Kulcsar who soon became his partner.
1937 Madrid
During the war in Madrid, he serves as a censor of foreign correspondents. Meets John Dos Passos, Ernest Hemingway and other foreign correspondents
May 1937 Madrid
Divorces his wife, Aurelia Rimaldos.
Jun–Sep 1937 Madrid
Becomes a broadcaster for the National Radio under the pseudonym of "La Voz de Madrid".
Nov 1937–Feb 1938 Paris
Valencia
Due to his problems with certain members of the Communist Party, Barea leaves Madrid. Stays in Valencia and Barcelona.
1938 Veracruz/Mexico
Goes into exile in Paris.
Feb 1938 Madrid
Marries the Austrian journalist Ilse Kulcsar.
Feb 1938–Mar 1939 Paris, 35, Rue Delambre
Lives in Paris, where he suffers a nervous breakdown and severe economic problems. Here he writes the first chapters of La forja de un rebelde.
22 Feb 1938 Paris
Leaves Spain.
1939 Farringdon
Goes to live in the UK
Mar–Sep 1939 Puckeridge/Hertfordshire
Settles in a small town. Ilsa works for the BBC.
Aug 1939 Evesham
Publishes his first article in the UK, in the newspaper The Spectator.
Sep 1939–1943 Fladbury, Worcestershire
Moves to be closer to Ilsa's work in the BBC.
Oct 1940–1957 Evesham
Daily broadcasts for the BBC in Spanish, under the pseudonym of "Juan de Castilla", on English life as seen by a Spaniard to counter anti-UK Nazi propaganda in Latin America. Meets several intellectuals in Britain such as Ernst Gombrich, Leonard Shapiro, Cyril Connoly, Isabel de Madariaga, Martin Esslin, Gerarld Brenan, Peter Chalmers Mitchell.
Oct 1943 Mapledurham
Moves to be closer to the new location of the BBC.
1945–1947 London, Boar's Hill
Settles in London. Becomes a close friend of Salvador de Madariaga and the Catalan publisher Joan Gili.
1946 Danmark
Travels to Denmark to give a series of lectures.
Jun 1947–1957 Faringdon/Oxfordshire
Settles in Oxfordshire.
1948 London
Becomes a British citizen.
Feb–Aug 1952 Pittsburgh
Travels to the USA, where he is invited to lecture on Contemporary Spanish Literature in Pennsylvania State College.
1956–1957 Buenos Aires
Writes articles for the Argentinian newspaper La Nación.
Apr–Jun 1956 Buenos Aires
Montevideo
Santiago de Chile
Córdoba/argentina
Mendoza
Travels to South America, where he gives several talks after the success of the Spanish version of La forja de un rebelde.
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