Centre for the Study of Hispanic Exile

Max Aub [1903–1972]

Date of Birth: 2 Jul 1903 2/6/1903
Died: 22 Jul 1972 22/7/1972 (age 69)

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Playwright and screenwriter exiled in Mexico. One of the authors to have been most comprehensively 'recovered' in Spain to date.

Time Table

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Jul 1903–Aug 1914 Paris. 3, Cité Trévise
Born in Paris, he spends his childhood years in the city. Receives his primary education at the Collège Rollin. Travels to Germany.
Aug 1914 Barcelona
After the start of the First World War, his parents are forced to move from France to Spain, where they have some business.
Sep 1914–Jun 1920 Valencia. Avenida del Pierto
Receives his secondary education at secular schools: the Alianza Francesa and the Escuela Moderna. He meets some of his best friends, intellectuals such as Fernando Dicenta, Juan Gil-Albert, Josep Renau, José Gaos, José Medina Echeverría, Genaro Huerta and Juan Chabás.
Sep 1920–1924 Valencia. Calle Garrigues
Works as a salesman. Travels across Spain, which brings him into contact with literary groups in Madrid, Barcelona, Aragon, Murcia, Asturias and Galicia.
Dec 1923 Madrid
Travels to Madrid for the first time. Meets Enrique Díaz Canedo and takes part in the tertulias at the Café Regina.
1924 Paris
Travels to France. Meets Joan Miró.
1924–1933 Valencia. Calle Almirante Cadarso
Writes for many literary journals: Alfar, Revista de Occidente, La Gaceta Literaria, Verso y Prosa, España, Azor etc.
1925–1936 Valencia. Calle Almirante Cadarso
Takes over his father's business with great success. Frequent trips to Madrid, where he meets most members of the so-called Generation of 1927.
Nov 1926 Valencia
Marries Perpetua - "Peua" - Barjau.
1927 Valencia
Joins the Socialist Party.
1933 Moscow
Travels to the Soviet Union.
1934 Valencia
Founds the University Theatre Company El Búho.
Jul–Dec 1936 Valencia
Co-directs the newspaper Verdad with Josep Renau.
22 Nov 1936–Jul 1937 Paris
Appointed cultural attaché to the Spanish Embassy in Paris.
Jul 1937 Valencia
Takes part in the organisation of the Second Congress of Anti-Fascist Writers.
1938 Teruel
Involved in filming Sierra de Teruel with André Malraux, a film about the Spanish civil war, for which he has written the screeplay.
1938 Madrid
Appointed General Secretary to the National Theatre Council.
1 Feb 1939 Cerbere
Crosses the border between Spain and France, beginning his period in exile.
5 Feb 1939–Apr 1940 Paris. Rue Capitaine Ferber
Paris. Rue Dausmesnil
Lives in Paris, forming contacts with French intellectuals who supported the Republic, such as Louis Aragon, Jean Cassou and André Gide.
5 Apr 1940 Paris, Roland Garros
Due to an anonymous accusation, he is imprisoned in the concentration camp of Roland Garros, on the outskirts of Paris.
5 May 1940–May 1941 Le Vernet/France
He is transferred to the detention camp of Vernet.
May 1941 Marseille
He is released and works as press attaché to the Mexican consulate in Marseilles. Cooperates with the French Resistance.
5–21 Jun 1941 Nice
He is arrested and imprisoned, accused of being a Jew and a Communist.
3 Sep–1 Nov 1941 Marseille
He is arrested again and sent to Vernet for the second time.
1 Nov 1941–18 May 1942 Djelfa
He is transferred to the camp in Djelfa, Northern Africa. He also spends time in the prisons of Argel and Casablanca.
8 Jul–10 Sep 1942 Casablanca
Manages to escape from prison, and spends some months awaiting passage to America.
1 Oct 1942 Veracruz
Arrives in Mexico on board the ship Serpa Pinto.
Nov 1942–1946 Mexico D. F.
Teaches Film Theory at the Cinema Institute in Mexico City.
1943–1946 Mexico D. F.
Writes a number of screenplays for Mexican cinema.
1943–1960 Mexico D. F. Calle Euclides
Regularly publishes articles for the Mexican press, including Excelsior.
1944 Mexico D. F.
Appointed secretary to the National Cinema Commission.
1946 Mexico D. F.
He is reunited with his wife and daughters after six years of separation.
1948–1950 Mexico D. F. Calle Euclides
Founds the journal Sala de Espera.
1951–1959 Mexico D. F.
Works for the publishing industry, on magazines and journals.
Dec 1955 Mexico D. F. Calle Euclides
Becomes a Mexican citizen.
27 Nov–10 Dec 1956 Paris
After considerable bureaucratic difficulties, he is allowed by the French government to visit France, but his stay is restricted to two weeks. He also visits England and Switzerland.
Sep–Dec 1958 Paris
Visits Europe again, where he is able to meet up with his mother. He works as a foreign correspondent for Excelsior.
Jan–Apr 1959 Makes his third trip to Europe. Visits Italy, Greece, England and France.
1959–1966 Mexico D. F. Calle Euclides
Works for the Film Department at the UNAM.
Oct 1960–Apr 1961 Rome
Travels to Italy, England and Greece.
Jun 1961 Becomes director of radio and TV at the UNAM.
Oct–Nov 1962 Princeton
Travels to the USA to attend the staged art exhibition of his fictional character Jusep Torres Campalans. Thanks to Ignacio Soldevila, Vicente Llorens and Manuel Durán, gives lectures at the universities of Quebec, Montreal, Harvard, New York, New Jersey and Yale.
Apr–Oct 1964 Travels to Europe. Participates on the juries of the Prix Formentor for Literature and of the Cannes Film Festival.
Apr–Jul 1969 Travels to Europe again.
Aug–Nov 1969 Valencia
He is allowed to enter Spain for the first time since the end of the Civil War.
Apr–May 1970 Boston
Travels to the USA. Gives conferences at the universities of Harvard and Massachussets.
Jan 1972 Mexico D. F.
He is elected Chevalier de l'Ordre des Arts et Lettres by the French Government.
May–Jul 1972 Valencia
Travels to Spain again. Returns to Mexico three days before his death.
1977 First performance in Spain of Deseada, five years after the author's death.
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